South Atlantic sea-floor spreading and Caribbean tectonics
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South Atlantic sea-floor spreading and Caribbean tectonics

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Published .
Written in English


  • Geology, Structural.,
  • Sea-floor spreading.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementby John Walcott Ladd.
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 251 leaves :
Number of Pages251
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14197701M

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Analysis of the NE-SW anomalies reveals an axis of symmetry which crosses the basin from north of the Guajira Peninsula to near the Muertos Trough at 68° W. Modelling indicates that the linear anomalies are the result of a phase of seafloor spreading between and m.y. at a half rate of to cm y −1. The quiet zone is therefore.   INTRODUCTION. After their seminal paper, linking seafloor spreading to magnetic data (Vine & Matthews ), nearly all the early attempts to correlate seafloor spreading anomalies over the South Atlantic were limited to the region south of the Rio Grande Fracture Zone (RGFZ, Mascle & Phillips ; Larson & Ladd ; Ladd et al; Ladd ; Rabinowitz ; LaBrecque & Cited by: 5. Sea-Floor Spreading Answer Key. This is a mid-ocean ridge. It is an underwater mountain range that forms when magma pushes up on the crust at a divergent boundary. Seafloor spreading is happening at B. Molten rock pushes up from the asthenosphere and pushes the plates apart at the mid-ocean ridge. This creates new ocean crust.   1. Introduction. Seafloor spreading between South America and Africa began around Anomaly M13 ( Myr ago, Channell et al., ) in the southernmost part of the South Atlantic Ocean and then propagated northward toward the Equatorial Atlantic initial breakup probably resulted from the inception of the Tristan hotspot that formed the Paraná–Etendeka large igneous Cited by:

Seafloor spreading occurs along mid-ocean ridges—large mountain ranges rising from the ocean floor. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for instance, separates the North American plate from the Eurasian plate, and the South American plate from the African East Pacific Rise is a mid-ocean ridge that runs through the eastern Pacific Ocean and separates the Pacific plate from the North American. Plate tectonics combines these older concepts (continental drift by means of seafloor spreading) with those of convection (or a similar mechanism) and polar wandering. Since , when Hess revived the concept of seafloor spreading (a term coined by Dietz, ), the majority of Western Earth scientists has accepted plate tectonics without. Following Middle to Late Triassic rifting between North America and Africa, seafloor spreading began at ca. Ma (Withjack et al., ). Seafloor spreading anomalies corresponding to intervals Mid-Atlantic Ridge to C34 and M0 to M25 are well documented (Klitgord and Schouten, ; Muller and Roest, , Muller et al., ).Cited by: The South Atlantic Ocean. differential motion was taken up as deformation predominantly in Africa and the Caribbean and least in South America. The change in flow line geometry north and south of the Equatorial fracture zones is shown in Figures 3, 4 and 5. J.-Y. () Asymmetric sea-floor spreading caused by ridge-plume interactions.

Kinematic Evolution of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean James Pindell Tectonic Analysis, Ltd., Cokes, Barn, West Burton, the Jurassic-Campanian opening histories for the Central and South Atlantic oceans of (e.g. Driscoll and Diebold, ) argue against seafloor spreading in the Caribbean Plate as young as Campanian, indicating instead File Size: 1MB. Plate tectonics and the ocean floor. The shape of the ocean floor, its bathymetry, is largely a result of a process called plate tectonics. The outer rocky layer of the Earth includes about a dozen large sections called tectonic plates that are arranged like a spherical jig-saw puzzle floating on top of the Earth's hot flowing mantle. Convection currents in the molten mantle cause the plates. Regional plate tectonic reconstruction models of the South Atlantic and Central Atlantic (e.g., Klitgord and Schouten, ) suggest that prior to the Early Cretaceous rifting and subsequent seafloor spreading within the Equatorial Atlantic, the continental margins of West Africa and Brazil were rigidly attached along their present plate. Caribbean Tsunami and Earthquake Hazards Studies- Seafloor Map To help understand the origin of the unusual bathymetry, gravity, and vertical tectonics of the plate boundary and to provide constraints for hazard assessment, the morphology of the entire km-long trench from the Dominican Republic in the west to Anguilla in the east was mapped.